Intent – what are we trying to achieve in our curriculum?
Every child has the right to the best possible health. Governments must work to provide good quality health care, clean water, nutritious food and a clean environment so that children can stay healthy. Richer countries must help poor countries to provide this.
Personal, social and health education (PSHE) and citizenship is an important and necessary part of all children’s education. It promotes the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs. It enables children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society. We encourage our pupils to play a positive role in contributing to the life of the school and the wider community. In so doing we help develop their sense of self-worth. We teach them how society is organised and governed. We ensure that they experience the process of democracy in school through the School Council. We are a Rights Respecting school and aim to plan opportunities for children to understand and reflect on the ‘UN convention on the rights of the child’ (Unicef). Our children learn to appreciate what it means to be a positive member of a modern British society and are aware of British Values.
The aims of a personal, social and health education and citizenship are to enable our children to:
- know and understand what constitutes a healthy lifestyle.
- have a sound understanding of risk and be equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to make safe and informed decisions.
- understand how to form good relationships with others.
- have respect for others and understand the importance of identifying and combatting discrimination.
- be independent and responsible members of the school community.
- have an understanding of how democracy and the law works in Britain.
- be positive and active members of a democratic society with a voice that is listened to.
- develop self-confidence and self-esteem and make informed choices regarding personal and social issues.
- develop good relationships with other members of the school and the wider community.
Implementation – how is our curriculum delivered?
We use a range of teaching and learning styles. We place an emphasis on active learning by including the children in discussions, investigations and problem-solving activities. We encourage the children to initiate and take part in a range of activities that promote active citizenship, e.g., charity fundraising, planning and involvement in school events such as assemblies and open evenings. Our children are encouraged to participate in discussions to resolve conflicts and each class sets their own class charter at the beginning of the school year. We offer the children opportunities to visit or be visited by speakers who play a role in creating a positive and supportive local community, e.g., health workers, the police, the fire service, St Peter’s Church.
We teach PSHE and citizenship in a variety of ways. In some instances sessions are also delivered by outside agencies, e.g., KS2 ChildLine workshops and DARE (drugs and alcohol awareness).
Some of the time we address PSHE and citizenship issues through other subjects, e.g. health through Science and lots of issues through our delivery of the RE curriculum.
We also develop PSHE and citizenship through activities and whole school events, e.g., school council and rights respecting schools meetings have a positive impact in school. We have days when children work together in their ‘house’ groups. Our KS2 children take part in an annual residential visit. These visits focus on developing pupils’ self-esteem and giving them opportunities to develop leadership and co-operative skills.
In Nursery and Reception classes PSHE and citizenship is taught every week using Spellbinder and SEAL resources. There is lots of emphasis through the curriculum on the statements in the curriculum covering Personal, Social and Emotional Development. Elements are also covered as a child develops their ‘Knowledge and Understanding of the World’. PSHE issues are addressed continually as our children learn to be with others in school and become active members of our school community.
In Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 PSHE and citizenship is taught through the delivery of the Happy Centred School scheme. Sometimes this is taught weekly and at other times is taught in weekly blocks at the discretion of the class teacher. PSHE and citizenship is taught to all children to ensure they receive a broad and balanced curriculum.
Teachers assess the children’s work in PSHE and citizenship by making informal judgements as they observe during lessons. We have clear expectations of what the children will know, understand and be able to do at the end of each key stage. Formal assessment takes place at the end of a year and is passed up to the next teacher. Children’s progress in PSHE and citizenship is reported annually to parents. At the end of each school year children reflect and write a statement about what they have personally contributed to make our school a better place.
The Head teacher and the PSHE and citizenship subject leader are responsible for monitoring the standards of teaching and learning in school. The subject leader is responsible for supporting colleagues and informing them about current developments and resources.